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Proceedings Paper

Autofluorescence spectroscopy of oral mucosa
Author(s): S. K. Majumdar; A. Uppal; P. K. Gupta
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Paper Abstract

We report the results of an in-vitro study on autofluorescence from pathologically characterized normal and malignant squamous tissues from the oral cavity. The study involved biopsy samples from 47 patients with oral cancer of which 11 patients had cancer of tongue, 17 of buccal mucosa and 19 of alveolus. The results of excitation and emission spectroscopy at several wavelengths (280 nm less than or equal to (lambda) exless than or equal to 460 nm; 340 nm less than or equal to (lambda) em less than or equal to 520 nm) showed that at (lambda) ex equals 337 nm and 400 nm the mean value for the spectrally integrated fluorescence intensity [(Sigma) (lambda ) IF((lambda) )] from the normal tissue sites was about a factor of 2 larger than that from the malignant tissue sites. At other excitation wavelengths the difference in (Sigma) (lambda ) IF((lambda) ) was not statistically significant. Similarly, for (lambda) em equals 390 nm and 460 nm, the intensity of the 340 nm band of the excitation spectra from normal tissues was observed to be a factor of 2 larger than that from malignant tissues. Analysis of these results suggests that NADH concentration is higher in normal oral tissues compared to the malignant. This contrasts with our earlier observation of an reduced NADH concentration in normal sites of breast tissues vis a vis malignant sites. For the 337 nm excited emission spectra a 10-variable MVLR score (using (Sigma) (lambda ) IF((lambda) ) and normalized intensities at nine wavelengths as input parameters) provided a sensitivity and specificity of 95.7% and 93.1% over the sample size investigated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 June 1998
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3252, Optical Diagnostics of Biological Fluids III, (19 June 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.311884
Show Author Affiliations
S. K. Majumdar, Ctr. for Advanced Technology (India)
A. Uppal, Ctr. for Advanced Technology (India)
P. K. Gupta, Ctr. for Advanced Technology (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3252:
Optical Diagnostics of Biological Fluids III
Alexander V. Priezzhev; Toshimitsu Asakura; J. David Briers, Editor(s)

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