Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Progress in high-power VCSELs and arrays
Author(s): Rainer Michalzik; Martin Grabherr; Roland Jaeger; Michael Miller; Karl Joachim Ebeling
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00

Paper Abstract

Recent achievements in the design and fabrication of monolithic high power vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) are reviewed and major distinctions between the scaling properties of top and bottom emitting devices clarified. Although a few hundred milliwatts optical power can be extracted from a single bottom emitting laser, decreasing efficiencies with increasing device diameter suggest the investigation of 2D laser arrays. First experimental results are presented, featuring oxide confined VCSEL arrays at 980 nm wavelength with 3 X 3 elements and maximum output powers up to 650 mW, still delivering 270 mW with 25 percent conversion efficiency under continuous wave operation. With further optimizations of device size and array pitch, emitted power densities averaged over the entire chip area in excess of 1 kW/cm2 should be attainable.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 June 1998
PDF: 0 pages
Proc. SPIE 3419, Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, 34190P (22 June 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.311008
Show Author Affiliations
Rainer Michalzik, Univ. of Ulm (Germany)
Martin Grabherr, Univ. of Ulm (Germany)
Roland Jaeger, Univ. of Ulm (Germany)
Michael Miller, Univ. of Ulm (Germany)
Karl Joachim Ebeling, Univ. of Ulm (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3419:
Optoelectronic Materials and Devices
Marek Osinski; Yan-Kuin Su, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top