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Proceedings Paper

UV camera for observations of the earth's upper atmosphere and low-orbit space objects from the Mir manned orbital station
Author(s): Alexander P. Ignatiev; Viatcheslav V. Korneev; Viktor V. Krutov; Sergey V. Kuzin; Alexander V. Mitrofanov; Andrey A. Pertzov; Vladimir A. Slemzin; Igor A. Zhitnik; M. Pakhomov; G. Karabadjak; B. Khmelinin; E. Makolkin; Y. Plastinin; Y. Pronin; G. Sipatnhov; G. Sojtchenkov; A. Serebrov; V. Tsibliev
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Paper Abstract

Absorption of solar UV-radiation in the 250 - 280 nm band by ozone layer leads to very low background of radiation scattered by the Earth at altitudes above 80 km. It makes possible to observe from near-Earth orbit with high sensitivity processes in upper atmosphere caused by engines of rockets and spacecrafts during their maneuvering or entering into dense layers of atmosphere. The main characteristics and application of the high sensitive imaging UV-camera specially designed for observations on-board the <<Mir>> manned orbital station (OS) are described. The camera works in the 200 - 350 nm spectral region and includes catadioptric objective, narrow band filters, special UV-sensitive image intensifier, photographic camera or TV-camera. Images are registered with sensitivity of 4 (DOT) 1016 w/cm2 in FOV of 12 degrees with angular resolution of 1,5'. The camera was delivered on-board the <<Mir>> OS in July 1992 and successfully worked during 5 years. Examples of observations of different space objects are given.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 June 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3406, Current Russian Research in Optics and Photonics: New Methods and Instruments for Space- and Earth-based Spectroscopy in XUV, UV, IR, and Millimeter Waves, (25 June 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.310987
Show Author Affiliations
Alexander P. Ignatiev, P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute (Russia)
Viatcheslav V. Korneev, P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute (Russia)
Viktor V. Krutov, P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute (Russia)
Sergey V. Kuzin, P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute (Russia)
Alexander V. Mitrofanov, P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute (Russia)
Andrey A. Pertzov, P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute (Russia)
Vladimir A. Slemzin, P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute (Russia)
Igor A. Zhitnik, P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute (Russia)
M. Pakhomov, Scientific Research Institute of Electronic Devices (Russia)
G. Karabadjak, Central Research Institute of Machine Building (Russia)
B. Khmelinin, Central Research Institute of Machine Building (Russia)
E. Makolkin, Central Research Institute of Machine Building (Russia)
Y. Plastinin, Central Research Institute of Machine Building (Russia)
Y. Pronin, Central Research Institute of Machine Building (Russia)
G. Sipatnhov, Central Research Institute of Machine Building (Russia)
G. Sojtchenkov, Central Research Institute of Machine Building (Russia)
A. Serebrov, Russian State Gagarin's Cosmonaut Training Ctr. (Russia)
V. Tsibliev, Russian State Gagarin's Cosmonaut Training Ctr. (Russia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3406:
Current Russian Research in Optics and Photonics: New Methods and Instruments for Space- and Earth-based Spectroscopy in XUV, UV, IR, and Millimeter Waves
Igor I. Sobelman; Vladimir A. Slemzin, Editor(s)

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