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Proceedings Paper

Segmentation of multiple sclerosis lesions in MRI: an image analysis approach
Author(s): Kalpagam Krishnan; M. Stella Atkins
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Paper Abstract

This paper describes an intensity-based method for the segmentation of multiple sclerosis lesions in dual-echo PD and T2-weighted magnetic resonance brain images. The method consists of two stages: feature extraction and image analysis. For feature extraction, we use a ratio filter transformation on the proton density (PD) and spin-spin (T2) data sequences to extract the white matter, cerebrospinal fluid and the lesion features. The one and two dimensional histograms of the features are then analyzed to obtain different parameters, which provide the basis for subsequent image analysis operations to detect the multiple sclerosis lesions. In the image analysis stage, the PD images of the volume are first pre-processed to enhance the lesion tissue areas. White matter and cerebrospinal fluid masks are then generated and applied on the enhanced volume to remove non- lesion areas. Segmentation of lesions is performed in two steps: conspicuous lesions are extracted in the first step, followed by the extraction of the subtle lesions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 June 1998
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3338, Medical Imaging 1998: Image Processing, (24 June 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.310837
Show Author Affiliations
Kalpagam Krishnan, Simon Fraser Univ. (Canada)
M. Stella Atkins, Simon Fraser Univ. (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3338:
Medical Imaging 1998: Image Processing
Kenneth M. Hanson, Editor(s)

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