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Proceedings Paper

Three-dimensional spiral CT for craniofacial surgical planning and evaluation
Author(s): Marcelo G.P. Cavalcanti; Michael W. Vannier
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Paper Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate measurement accuracy of 3D volumetric medical imaging from Spiral CT for craniofacial surgical planing. Material and methods: The study population consisted of 5 cadaver heads that were imaged on a spiral CT scanner with volumetric technique high-resolution contiguous axial slices 3mm thickness and 2mm/sec table feed, with 120Kvp and 200 mA. The archived CT data were stored on optical disks to allow full retrospective review of any image. The data sets were transferred to a networked computer workstation, to generated 3D volumetric images for subsequent manipulation and analyses. The computer graphics workstation allowed to do measurements, based on conventional craniometric anatomic landmarks, by 2 observers with 2 sessions each. The specimens were then submitted to a dynamic blunt force, in an effort to simulate craniofacial fractures, scanned and measured again. The soft tissues were then partially subsequently removed and the measurements were repeated by electromagnetic digitizer. Statistical analysis was done using analysis of variance. Results: Measurements from 3D spiral CT scans can be precise with high repeatability and sufficient accuracy for surgical planing. Conclusion: 3D computer graphics by spiral CT allowed, in vitro, sufficient precision for assessment of surgical management. Digital volumetric spiral CT imaging is valid quantitatively and qualitatively for craniofacial surgical planning and evaluation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 June 1998
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3262, Surgical-Assist Systems, (5 June 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.309488
Show Author Affiliations
Marcelo G.P. Cavalcanti, Univ. of Sao Paulo and Univ. of Iowa College of Medicine (United States)
Michael W. Vannier, Univ. of Iowa College of Medicine (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3262:
Surgical-Assist Systems
Roger Von Hanwehr; Marilyn Sue Bogner; Steven T. Charles; Abraham Katzir; Marilyn Sue Bogner; Steven T. Charles; James A. Harrington; Warren S. Grundfest; Louis S. Lome; Warren S. Grundfest; James A. Harrington; Abraham Katzir; Louis S. Lome; Michael W. Vannier; Roger Von Hanwehr, Editor(s)

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