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Proceedings Paper

Laser spot size as a function of tissue depth and laser wavelength in human sclera
Author(s): Zachary S. Sacks; Ron M. Kurtz; Ralph Fenn; Frieder H. Loesel; Gerard A. Mourou; Tibor Juhasz
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Paper Abstract

We determined the wavelength dependence of the minimum spot size of a laser beam focused through human sclera to evaluate the potential for transcleral glaucoma surgical techniques using ultrashort-pulsed lasers. The spectrum of the forward scattered light was measured by collimating the incident and transmitted beam in a spectrophotometer. This spectrum shows that sclera is highly scattering until 1100 nm, after which, the transmission spectrum is similar to water. To measure the minimal spot size, a laser beam was focused on the back surface of sclera of differing thickness. The minimum spot at 800 nm, 1060 nm, 1301 nm, and 1557 nm was imaged. At 800 nm, the spot size was invariant upon focal lens position, being a thousand fold larger than the incident beam spot size. As the wavelength increased, the area of the spot decreased, so that at 1557 nm, the minimal spot size was on the order of the incident beam spot size.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 May 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3255, Applications of Ultrashort-Pulse Lasers in Medicine and Biology, (18 May 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.308210
Show Author Affiliations
Zachary S. Sacks, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Ron M. Kurtz, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Ralph Fenn, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Frieder H. Loesel, Univ. of Heidelberg (Germany)
Gerard A. Mourou, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Tibor Juhasz, Univ. of Michigan (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3255:
Applications of Ultrashort-Pulse Lasers in Medicine and Biology
Joseph Neev, Editor(s)

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