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Proceedings Paper

Measurement of the velocity gradient of a rotating body by means of a speckle method
Author(s): Ivan A. Popov; Nikolay V. Sidorovsky; Igor L. Veselov; Steen Gruner Hanson
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Paper Abstract

The second order statistical properties of coherent radiation scattered from rough surface in the focal plane of an optical system are analyzed. Two types of motion of the scattering surface are considered: arbitrary movement in his own plane without gradient of velocity. The expressions for the space-time intensity correlation function and the correspondent power spectrum are derived and the speckle motion characteristics are analyzed. It is shown that under rotational motion conditions speckle pattern also rotates in the focal plane around certain axis leading thus to characteristics dependence of power spectrum width on spatial position in the focal plane. At the same time arbitrary movement of scattering surface without gradient across laser spot results in no spatial dependence of spectrum width or correlation time in the focal plane. So analysis of spatial dependence of second order statistical properties of scattered radiation gives one the possibility to measure the velocity gradient across the laser spot of the surface under investigation. An experiment has been carried out by using a He-Ne laser at (lambda) equals 0.63 micrometers to validate the mathematical model suggested. The scattering in the turbulent flow of a liquid has shown the similar behavior for spectrum width dependence on spatial position of observation point giving thus possibility for vortex monitoring in a liquid.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3411, Third International Conference on Vibration Measurements by Laser Techniques: Advances and Applications, (1 June 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.307716
Show Author Affiliations
Ivan A. Popov, S.I. Vavilov State Optical Institute (Russia)
Nikolay V. Sidorovsky, S.I. Vavilov State Optical Institute (Russia)
Igor L. Veselov, S.I. Vavilov State Optical Institute (Russia)
Steen Gruner Hanson, Risoe National Lab. (Denmark)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3411:
Third International Conference on Vibration Measurements by Laser Techniques: Advances and Applications
Enrico Primo Tomasini, Editor(s)

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