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Proceedings Paper

Light beam shaping and homogenization (LSBH) by irregular microlens structure for medical applications
Author(s): Vladimir A. Semchishen; Michael Mrochen; Vladimir N. Seminogov; Vladislav Ya. Panchenko; Theo Seiler
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Paper Abstract

Purpose: The increasing interest in a homogeneous Gaussian light beam profile for applications in ophthalmology e.g. photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) requests simple optical systems with low energy losses. Therefore, we developed the Light Shaping Beam Homogenizer (LSBH) working from UV up to mid-IR. Method: The irregular microlenses structure on a quartz surface was fabricated by using photolithography, chemical etching and chemical polishing processes. This created a three dimensional structure on the quartz substrate characterized in case of a Gaussian beam by random law distribution of individual irregularities tilts. The LSBH was realized for the 193 nm and the 2.94 micrometer wavelengths. Simulation results obtained by 3-D analysis for an arbitrary incident light beam were compared to experimental results. Results: The correlation to a numerical Gaussian fit is better than 94% with high uniformity for an incident beam with an intensity modulation of nearly 100%. In the far field the cross section of the beam shows always rotation symmetry. Transmittance and damage threshold of the LSBH are only dependent on the substrate characteristics. Conclusions: considering our experimental and simulation results it is possible to control the angular distribution of the beam intensity after LSBH with higher efficiency compared to diffraction or holographic optical elements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 April 1998
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 3251, Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedical Science and Clinical Applications II, (24 April 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.306065
Show Author Affiliations
Vladimir A. Semchishen, Laser Research Ctr. (Russia)
Michael Mrochen, Univ. Dresden (Switzerland)
Vladimir N. Seminogov, Laser Research Ctr. (Russia)
Vladislav Ya. Panchenko, Laser Research Ctr. (Russia)
Theo Seiler, Univ. Dresden (Switzerland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3251:
Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedical Science and Clinical Applications II
Valery V. Tuchin; Joseph A. Izatt, Editor(s)

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