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Proceedings Paper

Precision closed-loop control of optical beam steering
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Paper Abstract

Unlike in the microwave domain, where open loop phase control is adequate, a phased array antenna working at optical frequencies will require precise closed loop control of each element pixel to realize a well defined high brightness far-field antenna pattern. We describe and present experimental data for a design that permits precision, to < (lambda) /100, phase control with a high bandwidth that compensates for temperature, mechanical effects, delay times of each phase shift element, and non- linear response. Experimentally, the output of a phase measurement system is used in an electronic feedback loop to dynamically linearize an inherently non-linear liquid crystal. The experiment consisted of a spatial heterodyne, temporal homodyne, fiber optic Mach-Zehnder interferometer to recover phase of a single nematic liquid crystal element. The resulting phase measurement, represented as an analog voltage, is used in a feedback loop to correct for the non- linear drive voltage-to-phase retardance response of the liquid crystal. A demonstration of this technique using several periodic drive waveforms at frequencies of 10-100 Hz was performed. Data are presented showing a phase retardance resolution of < 1 nm which enabled a significant improvement in the linearity of the liquid crystal response.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 April 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3292, Spatial Light Modulators, (20 April 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.305499
Show Author Affiliations
Alfred Dale Ducharme, Visidyne, Inc. (United States)
Geert J. Wijntjes, Visidyne, Inc. (United States)
Constantine T. Markos, Visidyne, Inc. (United States)
Glenn D. Boreman, CREOL/Univ. of Central Florida (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3292:
Spatial Light Modulators
Richard L. Sutherland, Editor(s)

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