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Proceedings Paper

Fiber optic MEMS pressure sensors based on evanescent field interaction
Author(s): Massood Tabib-Azar; Boonsong Sutapun; Diana Glawe
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Paper Abstract

Micro-opto-electro-mechanical sensors (MOEMS) where optics are integrated with micro-electro-mechanical systems are logical candidates for sensing flow properties in high temperature and pressure applications. MOEMS offer high frequency response, small size, immunity to electromagnetic interference, and resistance to degradation from exposure to harsh environments. Interfacing MEMS sensors with fiber optics is quite challenging. We are investigating novel transduction and coupling methods based on evanescent field interaction and fiber bending methods. An evanescent field, created when total internal reflection between two dielectric media occurs, is an electromagnetic field in the lower index medium. In the case of fiber optics, the evanescent field decays exponentially away from the fiber core/cladding interface. The decay length depends on refractive indices and incident angles inside the fiber. Bringing a foreign object close to the exposed core introduces a change in the effective index and as a result, the transmitted light output is modified. Sensors can also be designed based on the `touching' and `bending' of the fiber optic. In this case, the output light is affected in a linear manner as opposed to the evanescent mode interaction where the sensitivity is exponential. Experimental results obtained regarding pressure sensors for both of these methods are discussed in terms of sensitivity, temperature effect, design parameters, and fabrication techniques.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 1998
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3276, Miniaturized Systems with Micro-Optics and Micromechanics III, (15 March 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.302407
Show Author Affiliations
Massood Tabib-Azar, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Boonsong Sutapun, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Diana Glawe, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3276:
Miniaturized Systems with Micro-Optics and Micromechanics III
M. Edward Motamedi; Rolf Goering, Editor(s)

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