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Proceedings Paper

High-order transverse modes in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers
Author(s): Wlodzimierz Nakwaski; Robert P. Sarzala
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Paper Abstract

The comprehensive, three-dimensional, thermal-electrical- optical self-consistent model of the gain-guided vertical- cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) is applied to study behavior of its transverse modes. Many intensity maxima of higher-order modes were found to disappear because of a complex interplay between a real guiding effect and a gain antiguiding effect in VCSEL resonators. Therefore number of intensity maxima in experimental intensity profiles can not be used as an indicator of the mode order. Radiation losses of transverse modes were found to increase with an increase in their order.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 January 1998
PDF: 19 pages
Proc. SPIE 3320, Tenth Polish-Czech-Slovak Optical Conference: Wave and Quantum Aspects of Contemporary Optics, (1 January 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.301360
Show Author Affiliations
Wlodzimierz Nakwaski, Technical Univ. of Lodz (Poland)
Robert P. Sarzala, Technical Univ. of Lodz (Poland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3320:
Tenth Polish-Czech-Slovak Optical Conference: Wave and Quantum Aspects of Contemporary Optics
Jerzy Nowak; Marek Zajac, Editor(s)

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