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Proceedings Paper

Series of LC compound containing polar conjugated terminal groups
Author(s): A. Fujita; Kazutoshi Miyazawa; S. Matsui; Yasuyuki Gotoh; H. Takeuchi; E. Nakagawa
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Paper Abstract

A homologous series of various compounds with polar terminal groups conjugated with carbon-carbon double bonds: the cyanoethylene, cyanobutadiene, and fluorocyanoethylene groups were prepared. These derivatives have very wide mesomorphic temperature ranges. Moreover, by measuring physical properties, the mixtures containing this series were found to have large dielectric anisotropies and appropriate birefringence values. The x-ray diffraction measurement of the cyanoethylene derivatives supports an anti parallel dimer conformation in their smectic phases. A fluorine atom at the (alpha) position of the cyano group prevents the formation of such electrostatic dimers. It is concluded that the wide mesomorphic temperature range of these derivatives was caused by the stronger molecular interaction. Moreover, the derivatives which can form dimer structures showed the wider mesomorphic temperature ranges.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 January 1998
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 3319, Liquid Crystals: Chemistry and Structure, (1 January 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.301250
Show Author Affiliations
A. Fujita, Chisso Petrochemical Corp. (Japan)
Kazutoshi Miyazawa, Chisso Petrochemical Corp. (Japan)
S. Matsui, Chisso Petrochemical Corp. (Japan)
Yasuyuki Gotoh, Chisso Petrochemical Corp. (Japan)
H. Takeuchi, Chisso Petrochemical Corp. (Japan)
E. Nakagawa, Chisso Petrochemical Corp. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3319:
Liquid Crystals: Chemistry and Structure
Marzena Tykarska; Roman S. Dabrowski; Jerzy Zielinski, Editor(s)

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