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Proceedings Paper

Initial progress in the recording of crime scene simulations using 3D laser structured light imagery techniques for law enforcement and forensic applications
Author(s): Bruce R. Altschuler; Keith L. Monson
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Paper Abstract

Representation of crime scenes as virtual reality 3D computer displays promises to become a useful and important tool for law enforcement evaluation and analysis, forensic identification and pathological study and archival presentation during court proceedings. Use of these methods for assessment of evidentiary materials demands complete accuracy of reproduction of the original scene, both in data collection and in its eventual virtual reality representation. The recording of spatially accurate information as soon as possible after first arrival of law enforcement personnel is advantageous for unstable or hazardous crime scenes and reduces the possibility that either inadvertent measurement error or deliberate falsification may occur or be alleged concerning processing of a scene. Detailed measurements and multimedia archiving of critical surface topographical details in a calibrated, uniform, consistent and standardized quantitative 3D coordinate method are needed. These methods would afford professional personnel in initial contact with a crime scene the means for remote, non-contacting, immediate, thorough and unequivocal documentation of the contents of the scene. Measurements of the relative and absolute global positions of object sand victims, and their dispositions within the scene before their relocation and detailed examination, could be made. Resolution must be sufficient to map both small and large objects. Equipment must be able to map regions at varied resolution as collected from different perspectives. Progress is presented in devising methods for collecting and archiving 3D spatial numerical data from crime scenes, sufficient for law enforcement needs, by remote laser structured light and video imagery. Two types of simulation studies were done. One study evaluated the potential of 3D topographic mapping and 3D telepresence using a robotic platform for explosive ordnance disassembly. The second study involved using the laser mapping system on a fixed optical bench with simulated crime scene models of the people and furniture to assess feasibility, requirements and utility of such a system for crime scene documentation and analysis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 1998
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3240, 26th AIPR Workshop: Exploiting New Image Sources and Sensors, (1 March 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.300060
Show Author Affiliations
Bruce R. Altschuler, Walter Reed Army Medical Ctr. (United States)
Keith L. Monson, Federal Bureau of Investigation (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3240:
26th AIPR Workshop: Exploiting New Image Sources and Sensors
J. Michael Selander, Editor(s)

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