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Proceedings Paper

Molecular correlation in smectic phases measured by dielectric relaxation spectroscopy
Author(s): M. Buivydas; F. Gouda; M. Matuszczyk; Sven T. Lagerwall
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Paper Abstract

In the present work the dielectric relaxation related to non-collective motion of liquid crystal molecules has been studied. In the first pace we observe the relaxation around the short axis for a choice of ferroelectric and antiferroelectric materials.Additionally, for some material the non-collective motion around the long axis has been investigated. We found that for all investigated compounds, except one, the relaxation obey an Arrhenius las f equals f=0) exp(-Ea/kT) and we were able to map the activation energy changes between different smectic phase. The changes of the activation energy Ea are related to the parallel correlation between the molecules. For most of the investigated ferroelectric material we observed that the correlation increase both along the long and short molecular axes at the phase transition to the smectic C* phase. For antiferroelectric materials the parallel correlation along the long axis weakens in the smectic Ca* phase. It thus seems that antitilt layer structure is related to the low degree of molecular correlation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 February 1998
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 3318, Liquid Crystals: Physics, Technology, and Applications, (1 February 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.299945
Show Author Affiliations
M. Buivydas, Chalmers Univ. of Technology (Sweden)
F. Gouda, Um Al-Qura Univ. (Saudi Arabia)
M. Matuszczyk, Chalmers Univ. of Technology (Sweden)
Sven T. Lagerwall, Chalmers Univ. of Technology (Sweden)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3318:
Liquid Crystals: Physics, Technology, and Applications
Jolanta Rutkowska; Stanislaw J. Klosowicz; Jerzy Zielinski; Jozef Zmija, Editor(s)

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