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Proceedings Paper

Symmetric padding for content-based 2D-DCT coding
Author(s): Satoshi Misaka; Yuichiro Nakaya; Taizo Kinoshita
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Paper Abstract

Content-based coding, which independently codes the objects included in a picture, has recently attracted considerable attention for its property of enabling object-based editing of still and motion pictures. In content-based coding, it is required to code arbitrarily shaped objects. Therefore, it is necessary to apply 2D-DCT to 8 X 8 blocks that include object boundaries. Padding is a technique that enables condign of such blocks by assigning imaginary values to the pixels that are not included in the object. Additionally, padding prevents the increase of the high frequency DCT coefficients which is caused by the discontinuous object boundary. In this paper, a new padding method named Symmetric Padding, which provides high coding efficiency with a simple copy-and-paste procedure, is proposed. Additionally a content-based 2D-DCT coding method, which changes the padding method and the scanning method according to the features of the object shape, is proposed. Due to the increase of the number of zero DCT coefficients, the proposed method shows better coding performance than conventional method, especially, at high bit rates.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 January 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3309, Visual Communications and Image Processing '98, (9 January 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.298340
Show Author Affiliations
Satoshi Misaka, Hitachi Central Research Lab. (Japan)
Yuichiro Nakaya, Hitachi Central Research Lab. (Japan)
Taizo Kinoshita, Hitachi Central Research Lab. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3309:
Visual Communications and Image Processing '98
Sarah A. Rajala; Majid Rabbani, Editor(s)

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