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Proceedings Paper

Active handheld instrument for error compensation in microsurgery
Author(s): Cameron N. Riviere; Pradeep K. Khosla
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Paper Abstract

Physiological hand tremor and other manual positioning errors limit precision in microsurgical procedures. Our research has involved development of adaptive algorithms and neural network methods for real-time compensation of such errors. This paper presents a novel design for an active hand-held microsurgical instrument to implement these algorithms, particularly during vitreoretinal microsurgery. The basic vitreoretinal instrument consists of a handle fitted with a narrow freedom inertial sensing to determine the 3D position of the instrument tip. The intraocular shaft is attached to the instrument handle via a miniature parallel manipulator with three degrees of freedom, controlled by three piezoelectric elements. The manipulator actuates the intraocular shaft in pitch, yaw, and axial extension, allowing the system to perform active compensation of errors in the position of the tip of the intraocular shaft. The paper includes the formulation of the inverse kinematics of the instrument in a manner suitable for on-line computation. A discussion of practical design considerations and the methods and results of preliminary experiments are also presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 January 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3202, Microrobotics and Microsystem Fabrication, (1 January 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.298048
Show Author Affiliations
Cameron N. Riviere, Carnegie Mellon Univ. (United States)
Pradeep K. Khosla, Carnegie Mellon Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3202:
Microrobotics and Microsystem Fabrication

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