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Proceedings Paper

Synchro-ballistic recording of detonation phenomena
Author(s): Robert R. Critchfield; Blaine W. Asay; John B. Bdzil; William C. Davis; Eric N. Ferm; Deanne J. Idar
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Paper Abstract

Synchro-ballistic use of rotating-mirror streak cameras allows for detailed recording of high-speed events of known velocity and direction. After an introduction to the synchro-ballistic technique, this paper details two diverse applications of the technique as applied in the field of high-explosives research. In the first series of experiments detonation-front shape is recorded as the arriving detonation shock wave tilts an obliquely mounted mirror, causing reflected light to be deflected from the imaging lens. These tests were conducted for the purpose of calibrating and confirming the asymptotic detonation shock dynamics (DSD) theory of Bdzil and Stewart. The phase velocities of the events range from ten to thirty millimeters per microsecond. Optical magnification is set for optimal use of the film's spatial dimension and the phase velocity is adjusted to provide synchronization at the camera's maximum writing speed. Initial calibration of the technique is undertaken using a cylindrical HE geometry over a range of charge diameters and of sufficient length-to- diameter ratio to insure a stable detonation wave. The final experiment utilizes an arc-shaped explosive charge, resulting in an asymmetric denotation-front record. The second series of experiments consists of photographing a shaped-charge jet having a velocity range of two to nine millimeters per microsecond. To accommodate the range of velocities it is necessary to fire several tests, each synchronized to a different section of the jet. The experimental apparatus consists of a vacuum chamber to preclude atmospheric ablation of the jet tip with shocked-argon back lighting to produce a shadow-graph image.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 December 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3173, Ultrahigh- and High-Speed Photography and Image-based Motion Measurement, (12 December 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.294504
Show Author Affiliations
Robert R. Critchfield, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Blaine W. Asay, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
John B. Bdzil, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
William C. Davis, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Eric N. Ferm, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Deanne J. Idar, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3173:
Ultrahigh- and High-Speed Photography and Image-based Motion Measurement
C. Bruce Johnson; Andrew Davidhazy; James S. Walton; Takeharu Goji Etoh; C. Bruce Johnson; Donald R. Snyder; James S. Walton, Editor(s)

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