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Proceedings Paper

Distributed control of beams by electric transmission lines with PZT actuators
Author(s): Francesco dell'Isola; Stefano Vidoli
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Paper Abstract

The aim of the paper is to propose a distributed control technique based on the modal coupling between a beam and an electric transmission line with PZT actuators; these last behave as capacitances in the electric line and contribute to beam stiffness because their end-points are restrained along the beam; we call the described system a piezoelectro- mechanical (PEM) beam. Structural control by means of concentrated devices often requires high voltages and high inductances; this fact is particularly serious when one has to deal with PZT actuators; in order to overcome the problem we propose a device in which the control action is distributed along the beam. We found that the line inductance and the line resistance behave as electric 'taps' respectively for the electro-mechanical modal coupling and for the damping efficiency: we found a bounded region in the line impedance plane in which the energy exchanged between the beam and the electric line is maximum and therefore the control strength is maximum. By means of already available PZT actuators we obtain very high damping ratios for mechanical vibrations ((delta) approximately equals 0.1). We only investigated a simple case of passive control in damping vibration, but several active control applications are conceivable: it seems to us that such control technique is more efficient than those already proposed in the literature characterized by the use of actuators supplying concentrated forces.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 November 1997
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3241, Smart Materials, Structures, and Integrated Systems, (14 November 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.293511
Show Author Affiliations
Francesco dell'Isola, Univ. di Roma La Sapienza (Italy)
Stefano Vidoli, Univ. di Roma La Sapienza (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3241:
Smart Materials, Structures, and Integrated Systems
Alex Hariz; Vijay K. Varadan; Olaf Reinhold, Editor(s)

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