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Proceedings Paper

Diode laser absorption sensor system for measurements of combustion pollutants
Author(s): Radu M. Mihalcea; Douglas S. Baer; Ronald K. Hanson
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Paper Abstract

A diode-laser sensor system has been applied to measure the concentrations of NO, N2O, CO, and CO2 in combustion gases using absorption spectroscopy and fast extraction- sampling techniques. Measured survey spectra of the NO 3v band and H2O lines from the v2 + v3 band in the spectral region from 5556 cm-1 to 5572 cm-1 were recorded and compared to calculated spectra to select optimum transitions for NO detection. Similarly, measured survey spectra of the N2O 3v3 band from 6535 cm-1 to 6600 cm-1 were used to identify optimum transitions for N2O detection. High- resolution NO absorption measurements were recorded in a fast-flow multipass cell containing probe-sampled combustion gases to determine NO concentrations in a laminar, premixed CH4/air flame, seeded with NH3. For fuel-lean conditions, the measured No mole fractions corresponded to 68 percent of the injected NH3. For fuel-rich conditions, the fraction of NH3 converted to NO decreased with increasing equivalence ratio. In additional experiments, CO and CO2 absorption measurements were used to determine species concentrations above a laminar, premixed CH4/air flame. Good agrement was found between measured CO and CO2 concentrations and calculated chemical equilibrium values.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 November 1997
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3172, Optical Technology in Fluid, Thermal, and Combustion Flow III, (21 November 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.293387
Show Author Affiliations
Radu M. Mihalcea, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Douglas S. Baer, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Ronald K. Hanson, Stanford Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3172:
Optical Technology in Fluid, Thermal, and Combustion Flow III
Soyoung Stephen Cha; James D. Trolinger; Masaaki Kawahashi, Editor(s)

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