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Proceedings Paper

Obstacle avoidance system with sonar sensing and fuzzy logic
Author(s): Wen-chuan Chiang; Nikhal Kelkar; Ernest L. Hall
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Paper Abstract

Automated guided vehicles (AGVs) have many potential applications in manufacturing, medicine, space and defense. The purpose of this paper is to describe exploratory research on the design of an obstacle avoidance system using sonar sensors for a modular autonomous mobile robot controller. The advantages of a modular system are related to portability and the fact that any vehicle can become autonomous with minimal modifications. A mobile robot test-bed has been constructed using a golf cart base. The obstacle avoidance system is based on a micro-controller interfaced with multiple ultrasonic transducers. This micro-controller independently handles all timing and distance calculations and sends a distance measurement back to the computer via the serial line. This design yields a portable independent system. Testing of these systems has been done in the lab as well as on an outside test track with positive results that show that at five mph the vehicle can follow a line and at the same time avoid obstacles. This design, in its modularity, creates a portable autonomous obstacle avoidance controller applicable for any mobile vehicle with only minor adaptations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 September 1997
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3208, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XVI: Algorithms, Techniques, Active Vision, and Materials Handling, (26 September 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.290283
Show Author Affiliations
Wen-chuan Chiang, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Nikhal Kelkar, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)
Ernest L. Hall, Univ. of Cincinnati (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3208:
Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XVI: Algorithms, Techniques, Active Vision, and Materials Handling
David P. Casasent, Editor(s)

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