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Proceedings Paper

One-step microlithography
Author(s): Franz-Josef Kahlen; Srikanth Sankaranarayanan; Aravinda Kar
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Paper Abstract

Subject of this investigation is a one-step rapid machining process to create miniaturized 3D parts, using the original sample material. An experimental setup where metal powder is fed to the laser beam-material interaction region has been built. The powder is melted and forms planar, 2D geometries as the substrate is moved under the laser beam in XY- direction. After completing the geometry in the plane, the substrate is displaced in Z-direction, and a new layer of material is placed on top of the just completed deposit. By continuous repetition of this process, 3D parts wee created. In particular, the impact of the focal spot size of the high power laser beam on the smallest achievable structures was investigated. At a translation speed of 51 mm/s a minimum material thickness of 590 micrometers was achieved. Also, it was shown that a small Z-displacement has a negligible influence on the continuity of the material deposition over this power range. A high power CO2 laser was used as energy source, the material powder under investigation was stainless steel SS304L. Helium was used as shield gas at a flow rate of 15 1/min. The incident CO2 laser beam power was varied between 300 W and 400 W, with the laser beam intensity distribute in a donut mode. The laser beam was focused to a focal diameter of 600 (Mu) m.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 September 1997
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3225, Microlithography and Metrology in Micromachining III, (2 September 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.284548
Show Author Affiliations
Franz-Josef Kahlen, CREOL/Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Srikanth Sankaranarayanan, CREOL/Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Aravinda Kar, CREOL/Univ. of Central Florida (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3225:
Microlithography and Metrology in Micromachining III
Craig R. Friedrich; Akira Umeda, Editor(s)

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