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Proceedings Paper

Optical filters for the EPIC CCD camera on board the XMM astronomy satellite
Author(s): Karl-Heinz Stephan; Claus Reppin; Frank Haberl; Marieluise Hirschinger; Hans-Joerg Maier; Dagmar Frischke; Marco Wedowski; Peter Bulicke; Gerhard Ulm; Jan Friedrich; Peter Guertler
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Paper Abstract

We have developed optical filters for ESA's x-ray astronomy project XMM (x-ray multi mirror mission). Specific CCDs will be used as detectors in the focal plane on board the observatory. Since these detectors are sensitive from the x- ray to the NIR (near infrared) spectral range, x-ray observations require optical filters, which combine a high transparency for photon energies in the soft x-ray region and a high opacity for UV (ultraviolet) and VIS (visible) radiation. With respect to the mission goal three types of flight model filters were designed having different spectral transmittance functions. We report on one of these types, a so-called 'thick' filter, which has been realized to be used as flight filter on board the observatory. This filter attenuates radiation below 10 eV by more than 7 orders of magnitude. It has an effective aperture of 73 mm without any support structure. A 0.35 micrometer thick polypropylene carrier foil is coated with metallic films of Al and Sn. We describe transmission measurements in the soft x-ray photon energy range to determine the thickness of the individual layers and present the optical performance data of the filter.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 October 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3114, EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII, (15 October 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.283766
Show Author Affiliations
Karl-Heinz Stephan, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Claus Reppin, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Frank Haberl, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Marieluise Hirschinger, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Hans-Joerg Maier, Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ. Muenchen (Germany)
Dagmar Frischke, Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ. Muenchen (Germany)
Marco Wedowski, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Peter Bulicke, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Gerhard Ulm, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Jan Friedrich, Univ. Hamburg (Germany)
Peter Guertler, Deutschen Elektronensynchrotron (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3114:
EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII
Oswald H. W. Siegmund; Mark A. Gummin, Editor(s)

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