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Proceedings Paper

Easy method for quantitative evaluation of the laser welding process efficiency on austenitic, ferritic, and martensitic stainless steels
Author(s): Antonio Domenico Ludovico; Giuseppe Daurelio
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Paper Abstract

For testing the validity of this proposed method many alloys have been studied. So different (austenitic, ferritic and martensitic) stainless steels have been welded by laser technology. Diverse joint geometries as butt, lap and cruciform ones, have been realized. As laser sources 500 W c.w. VALFIVRE/2 kWc.w. B.O.C./1.5 kW c.w. ROFIN SINAR RS 1500/6 kW c.w. TRUMPF TLF 3000 Turbo and 15 kW c.w. AVCO- EVERETT have been employed for experiments by using two covering gas (He or N2), many working speeds, a 0.5 to 13 kW laser power level range. By the application of this method it has been possible to confirm the idea to leave out of account the knowledge of the thermo-physical parameters of the alloy to be welded. The Melting Area values plotted welding speed values have shown the usual hyperbolic trends. The Welding EFficiency value always plotted versus welding speed range have shown a trend with a maximum one corresponding to the `critical welding speed'. The same Welding Efficiency values plotted versus the laser power levels have shown range values from 20 to 50 mm3/kJ for 0.5 to 2 kW and from 30 to 55 mm3/kJ for 3 to 14 kW power level ranges. Finally a schematic layout for using this model has been carried out.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 August 1997
PDF: 17 pages
Proc. SPIE 3097, Lasers in Material Processing, (18 August 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.281142
Show Author Affiliations
Antonio Domenico Ludovico, Politecnico di Bari (Italy)
Giuseppe Daurelio, Centro Laser Societa Consortile a.r.l. (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3097:
Lasers in Material Processing
Leo H. J. F. Beckmann, Editor(s)

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