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Proceedings Paper

New laser surface treatments: cleaning, derusting, deoiling, depainting, deoxidizing, and degreasing
Author(s): Giuseppe Daurelio; Giuseppe Chita; Massimo Cinquepalmi
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Paper Abstract

Many materials as substrates and surface products have been tested. Typically ferrous (Carbon Steels and Stainless Steels) and non ferrous (Al and Cu metals and its alloys) ones have been employed. Some epoxy, polyurethane, polyester and acrylic paints in different thickness and color have been tested. Many types of the surface rust and oxide on different bulk material have been undertaken to test. Similarly some different types of oils and greases, usually used in industry against the oxidation, have been studied. Anyway many types of dirt, grit, calcareous one and so on, present on industrial components, have been laser cleaned without using solvents, acid baths and other ones. Different types of laser sources have been employed: an axial fast flow, 1.5 KW CO2 c.w. and pulsed laser source, emitting a 10.6 micrometers beam; a portable CO2 laser, c.w. (1 to 25 W) and pulsed (1 to 100 Hz and 400 ms max pulse duration) source, emitting a 10.6 micrometers beam with a multi-articulated seven mirrors guiding device and focussing head; a portable Nd-YAG laser, Q-switched and normal-mode source. 1st harmonic 1.06 micrometers (6 ns pulse duration), 2nd harmonic 532 nm (120 microsecond(s) duration pulse- 1J max per-pulse) wavelengths, multi-articulated seven mirrors beam guiding device, 20 Hz repetition rate. This lets shots with 600 mJ max energy per pulse and 100 MW peak power per-pulse with a very low beam divergence, 0.5 mrad at full angle; a transverse fast flow 2.5 kW CO2 laser.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 August 1997
PDF: 23 pages
Proc. SPIE 3097, Lasers in Material Processing, (18 August 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.281099
Show Author Affiliations
Giuseppe Daurelio, Centro Laser Societa Consortile a.r.l. (Italy)
Giuseppe Chita, Centro Laser Societa Consortile a.r.l. (Italy)
Massimo Cinquepalmi, Centro Laser Societa Consortile a.r.l. (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3097:
Lasers in Material Processing
Leo H. J. F. Beckmann, Editor(s)

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