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Proceedings Paper

Adaptive three-dimensional range-crossrange-frequency filter processing string for sea mine classification in side scan sonar imagery
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Paper Abstract

An automatic, robust, adaptive clutter suppression, predetection level fusion, sea mine detection and classification processing string has been developed and applied to shallow water side-scan sonar imagery data. The overall processing string includes pre-processing string includes pre-processing, adaptive clutter filtering (ACF), 2D normalization, detection, feature extraction and classification processing blocks. The pre-processing block contains automatic gain control, data decimation and data alignment processing. The ACF is a multi-dimensional adaptive linear FIR filter, optimal in the least squares sense, for simultaneous background clutter suppression and preservation of an average peak target signature. After data alignment, using a 3D ACF enables simultaneous multiple frequency data fusion and clutter suppression in the composite frequency-range-crossrange domain. Following 2D normalization, the detection consists of thresholding, clustering of exceedances and limiting their number. Finally, features are extracted and a orthogonalization transformation is applied to the data, enabling an efficient application of the optimal log-likelihood-ratio-test (LLRT) classification rule. The utility of the overall processing string was demonstrated with two side-scan sonar data sets. The ACF, feature orthogonalization, LLRT-based classification processing string provided average probability of correct mine classification and false alarm rate performance exceeding the one obtained when utilizing an expert sonar operator. The overall processing string can be easily implemented in real-time using COTS technology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 July 1997
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3079, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets II, (22 July 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.280847
Show Author Affiliations
Tom Aridgides, Lockheed Martin Ocean, Radar & Sensor Systems (United States)
Manuel F. Fernandez, Lockheed Martin Ocean, Radar & Sensor Systems (United States)
Gerald J. Dobeck, Naval Surface Warfare Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3079:
Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets II
Abinash C. Dubey; Robert L. Barnard, Editor(s)

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