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Proceedings Paper

Direct-write electron-beam lithography for submicron integrated circuit fabrication
Author(s): Grahame C. Rosolen; Warren D. King
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Paper Abstract

A self-aligning direct-write electron beam lithography instrument has been developed for fabricating Gallium Arsenide integrated circuits. The electron beam is used to directly write the critical layers in these circuits. The main application is to write the gate layer in high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs). A single HEMT may contain several gate electrodes, each of which is up to 150 micrometers wide, less than 0.25 micrometers long and which must be aligned with submicron accuracy. A variety of devices have been successfully written on the instrument, which comprises a scanning electron microscope (SEM) that has been interfaced to a purpose-built pattern generator and image correlation system. The standard SEM stage has been motorized and is used to position each device within the field of view of the SEM. The pattern generator then scans the electronic beam to obtain an image of the device. This image is correlated with a reference image and the precise location of the device is calculated and used for aligning the subsequent exposure. The active alignment system achieves excellent alignment, far exceeding the accuracy of the standard SEM stage. Not only does this obviate the need for expensive stage positioning systems, but it also compensates automatically for positional errors on the sample caused by mask tolerances. As the instrument uses the image of the device for correlation, no alignment marks are required on the sample. The system is fully automated and has been sued successfully to write a variety of device geometries.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 August 1997
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 3183, Microlithographic Techniques in IC Fabrication, (14 August 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.280535
Show Author Affiliations
Grahame C. Rosolen, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (Australia)
Warren D. King, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3183:
Microlithographic Techniques in IC Fabrication
Soon Fatt Yoon; Raymond Yu; Chris A. Mack, Editor(s)

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