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Proceedings Paper

Experimental studies on brain hematoma detection and oxygenation monitoring using PRM/NIR sensors
Author(s): Liu Zheng; Hyo Sang Lee; David A. Wilson; Daniel F. Hanley; Sandor Lokos; Jin Kim
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Paper Abstract

Real time noninvasive head injury detection is needed in critical care facilities and triage site with limited resources. One tool missing right now is a small and fast noninvasive sensor which can help urgent care workers to (1) diagnose the location and severity of the injury, (2) to perform on site pre-hospital treatment if necessary, and (3) to make a decision on what kind of further medical action is needed. On the other hand, continuous monitoring of cerebral blood oxygenation is also needed in intensive care unit and in operation rooms. Pseudo-random modulation/near infrared sensor (PRM/NIR sensor) is developed to address these issues. It relies on advanced techniques in diode laser cw modulation and time resolved spectroscopy to perform fast and noninvasive brain tissue diagnostics. Phantom experiments have been conducted to study the feasibility of the sensor. Brain's optical properties are simulated with solutions of intralipid and ink. Hematomas are simulated with bags of paint and hemoglobin immersed in the solution of varies sizes, depths, and orientations. Effects of human skull and hair are studied experimentally. In animal experiment, the sensor was used to monitor the cerebral oxygenation change due to hypercapnia, hypoxia, and hyperventilation. Good correlations were found between NIR measurement parameters and physiological changes induced to the animals.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 August 1997
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 2979, Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue: Theory, Instrumentation, Model, and Human Studies II, (18 August 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.280276
Show Author Affiliations
Liu Zheng, Science and Engineering Services, Inc. (United States)
Hyo Sang Lee, Science and Engineering Services, Inc. (United States)
David A. Wilson, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Daniel F. Hanley, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Sandor Lokos, Science and Engineering Services, Inc. (United States)
Jin Kim, Science and Engineering Services, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2979:
Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue: Theory, Instrumentation, Model, and Human Studies II
Britton Chance; Robert R. Alfano, Editor(s)

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