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Proceedings Paper

Passive and active sol-gel materials and devices
Author(s): Mark P. Andrews; S. Iraj Najafi
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Paper Abstract

This paper examines sol-gel materials for photonics in terms of partnerships with other material contenders for processing optical devices. The discussion in four sections identifies semiconductors, amorphous and crystalline inorganic dielectrics, and amorphous and crystalline organic dielectrics as strategic agents in the rapidly evolving area of materials and devices for data communications and telecommunications. With Zyss, we trace the hierarchical lineage that connects molecular hybridization (chemical functionality), through supramolecular hybridization (collective properties and responses), to functional hybridization (device and system level constructs). These three concepts thread their way through discussions of the roles sol-gel glasses might be anticipated to assume in a photonics marketplace. We assign a special place to glass integrated optics and show how high temperature consolidated sol-gel derived glasses fit into competitive glass fabrication technologies. Low temperature hybrid sol-gel glasses that combine attractive features of organic polymers and inorganic glasses are considered by drawing on examples of our own new processes for fabricating couplers, power splitters, waveguides and gratings by combining chemical synthesis and sol-gel processing with simple photomask techniques.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 July 1997
PDF: 33 pages
Proc. SPIE 10290, Sol-Gel and Polymer Photonic Devices: A Critical Review, 102900B (29 July 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.279819
Show Author Affiliations
Mark P. Andrews, McGill Univ. (Canada)
S. Iraj Najafi, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10290:
Sol-Gel and Polymer Photonic Devices: A Critical Review
Mark P. Andrews; S. Iraj Najafi, Editor(s)

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