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Proceedings Paper

Estimating the frequency interval of a regularly spaced multicomponent harmonic line signal in colored noise
Author(s): Gordon J. Frazer; Stuart J. Anderson
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Paper Abstract

The radar returns from some classes of time-varying point targets can be represented by the discrete-time signal plus noise model: xt equals st plus [vt plus (eta) t] equals (summation)i equals o P minus 1 Aiej2(pi f(i)/f(s)t) plus vt plus (eta) t, t (epsilon) 0, . . ., N minus 1, fi equals kfI plus fo where the received signal xt corresponds to the radar return from the target of interest from one azimuth-range cell. The signal has an unknown number of components, P, unknown complex amplitudes Ai and frequencies fi. The frequency parameters fo and fI are unknown, although constrained such that fo less than fI/2 and parameter k (epsilon) {minus u, . . ., minus 2, minus 1, 0, 1, 2, . . ., v} is constrained such that the component frequencies fi are bound by (minus fs/2, fs/2). The noise term vt, is typically colored, and represents clutter, interference and various noise sources. It is unknown, except that (summation)tvt2 less than infinity; in general, vt is not well modelled as an auto-regressive process of known order. The additional noise term (eta) t represents time-invariant point targets in the same azimuth-range cell. An important characteristic of the target is the unknown parameter, fI, representing the frequency interval between harmonic lines. It is desired to determine an estimate of fI from N samples of xt. We propose an algorithm to estimate fI based on Thomson's harmonic line F-Test, which is part of the multi-window spectrum estimation method and demonstrate the proposed estimator applied to target echo time series collected using an experimental HF skywave radar.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 October 1997
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3162, Advanced Signal Processing: Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations VII, (24 October 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.279493
Show Author Affiliations
Gordon J. Frazer, Defence Science and Technology Organisation (Australia)
Stuart J. Anderson, Defence Science and Technology Organisation (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3162:
Advanced Signal Processing: Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations VII
Franklin T. Luk, Editor(s)

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