Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Removing attenuation effects in reflectivity images at 33 and 95 GHz
Author(s): Stephen P. Lohmeier; Stephen M. Sekelsky; John M. Firda
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00

Paper Abstract

Reflectivity is a fundamental parameter for sensing the morphology and composition of clouds and precipitation. However, attenuation due to varying amounts of precipitation, clouds, and water vapor along the propagation path corrupts reflectivity estimates. In this paper, an algorithm to correct for these effects at 33 and 95 GHz is proposed. This algorithm is then applied to corrupted reflectivity images collected with the University of Massachusetts Microwave Remote Sensing Laboratory (MIRSL) Cloud Profiling Radar System (CPRS), which is a dual-frequency (33 and 95 GHz) , fully-polarimetric, pulse-Doppler, ground-based radar. The attenuation correction algorithm consists of two steps. First, different sources of attenuation along the propagation path are identified by classifying each image into regions of: air, ice particles, liquid droplets, rain, mixed-phase particles, and insects. This is accomplished with a rule-based classifier that relies on collocated measurements of velocity, linear depolarization ratio, and height to make classification decisions. The second step is correcting attenuation along the propagation path in a region appropriate manner. By starting at the ground with the assumption that the reflectivity estimate is unattenuated, and working away from the radar adding a region-appropriate amount to the reflectivity estimate at each range gate, attenuation effects in the image can be largely removed. However, if a mixed-phase region where the rate of attenuation is unknown is encountered along the propagation path, the correction is suspended and an alternative approach that corrects attenuation from the top of the cloud down is used. The complete algorithm was applied to the CPRS data and significantly improved reflectivity estimates.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 1997
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3125, Propagation and Imaging through the Atmosphere, (23 September 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.279034
Show Author Affiliations
Stephen P. Lohmeier, Dynetics Inc. (United States)
Stephen M. Sekelsky, Univ. of Massachusetts (United States)
John M. Firda, Univ. of Massachusetts (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3125:
Propagation and Imaging through the Atmosphere
Luc R. Bissonnette; Christopher Dainty, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top