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Proceedings Paper

Battlespace situation awareness for Force XXI
Author(s): Dennis E. Moellman
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Paper Abstract

Timely battlefield digitization and battlespace visualization is a requirement to keep pace with ever-diminishing military decision cycle times driven by evolving weapons systems and pacing military doctrine for Force XXI. One ingredient to battlefield situation awareness is imagery intelligence. This paper proposes a novel architecture for an imagery analysis environment to seamlessly provide imagery intelligence. A critical component of this proposed architecture is emerging intelligent software agent technology levering human-computer interface (HCI) technology. This combination enables a modular, scaleable, and reconfigurable battlefield situation awareness and exploitation environment. The consequent impact of this paper is the definition of an entirely new method to support military intelligence, planning and execution processes. The proposed architecture effectively provides real-time/near real-time sensor fusion, sensor management, and battle management in a single collaborative environment. This paper provides the design and describes the technologies necessary to make this system a reality. The proposed design employs the following emerging technologies: . open agent architecture --information gathering/data mining, processing, and dynamic aggregation of agents; S multimodal data entry with command and query interfaces -- interact/communicatethrough voice, writing or gestures; . speechrecognition and natural language understanding --speech recognition and speech-to-text translation; . proceduraland evidential reasoning --dynamic process control, planning, spatial reasoning, and correlation and behavior; and . collaboration — shared work space and applications, wireless and hardwired networks, multiple and distributed participants In the image analyst-centric environment, this state-of-the-art system will manage automatic and assisted target recognition, and imagery exploitation components, while providing a system capable of ingesting and fusing available tactical, national, and commercial imagery sources. It will also enable fusing multi-intelligence source data. With the addition of collaboration and shared multimedia display the system is capable of redefining the interactive imagery exploitation paradigm. Further, in a military doctrinal sense, our proposed concept provides the potential to blur the dividing line between operational command and control (C2) and its supporting intelligence activities. Keywords: intelligent software agents, human-computer interface, situation awareness, imagery exploitation, collaboration

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 June 1997
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3080, Digitization of the Battlefield II, (26 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.277158
Show Author Affiliations
Dennis E. Moellman, SRI International (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3080:
Digitization of the Battlefield II
Raja Suresh, Editor(s)

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