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Proceedings Paper

Direct observation of contact damage around scratches in brittle solids
Author(s): Vispi Homi Bulsara; Srinivasan Chandrasekar
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Paper Abstract

An experimental study has been made of the deformation and fracture produced around scratches in brittle solids such as soda-lime glass, sapphire, and poly-crystalline spinel. In the scratch experiments, a Vickers indenter was translated against a surface at velocities of a few mm/min with the normal load being kept in the range of 10 g to 700 g. The contact region was observed and photographed in-situ using a high resolution, optical microscope and video imaging system, while forces were measured with a piezoelectric force sensor attached to the indenter. The experiments have enabled several unique observations to be made of the contact damage such as the formation of plastic scratches, slip lines, and ribbon-like wear particles; the loads at which cracks form and their evolution during loading and unloading; and a new type of crack system around scratches in soda-lime glass which forms during unloading of the indenter. The implications of these results to contact damage and wear in brittle solids are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 June 1997
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 3060, Window and Dome Technologies and Materials V, (27 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.277067
Show Author Affiliations
Vispi Homi Bulsara, Cummins Engine Co. (United States)
Srinivasan Chandrasekar, Purdue Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3060:
Window and Dome Technologies and Materials V
Randal W. Tustison, Editor(s)

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