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Proceedings Paper

Performance characterization of an internally cooled window in a nonuniform high-heat-flux environment
Author(s): David A. Kalin; Lori C. Brooks; Carl John Wojciechowski; Gregory W. Jones
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Paper Abstract

The performance of an internally cooled silicon window in a high heat flux environment has been characterized in the laboratory. The article under test was convectively/radiatively heated with a large-area-flame oxy- acetylene torch, and cooled by circulating water through internal channels. Heating rates ranging from 5 to 120 W/cm2 were achieved over the surface of the window and generated thermal gradients in the window that exceeded flight levels by an order of magnitude. This gave us a measure of window performance under stressing conditions. Thirty one heating tests were conducted to measure the thermal and optical efficiency of the windows. The degree of surface temperature uniformity was derived from midwave infrared images of the test window surface collected on a two- dimensional array, InSb camera. Optical wavefront distortion was measured with an infrared shearing interferometer. Data was collected on both a video tape recorder and a digital data acquisition system before, during, and after the period of window heating. Experimental data on two windows along with theoretical predictions are presented in this paper. The theoretical code took a given heat flux distribution into the window and predicted the surface temperature distribution, and the change in the window dimensions and index of refraction. Experimental data and theoretical predictions compared well.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 June 1997
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3060, Window and Dome Technologies and Materials V, (27 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.277055
Show Author Affiliations
David A. Kalin, Lockheed Martin Missiles & Space (United States)
Lori C. Brooks, Lockheed Martin Missiles & Space (United States)
Carl John Wojciechowski, Lockheed Martin Missiles & Space (United States)
Gregory W. Jones, U.S. Army Space and Strategic Defense Command (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3060:
Window and Dome Technologies and Materials V
Randal W. Tustison, Editor(s)

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