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Proceedings Paper

Phase-shifted real-time laser feedback interferometry
Author(s): Ben Ovryn; James H. Andrews; Steven J. Eppell; John D.V. Khaydarov
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Paper Abstract

We have combined the principles of phase-shifting interferometry (PSI) and laser-feedback interferometry (LFI) to produce a new instrument that can measure both optical path length (OPL) changes and discern sample reflectivity variations. In LFI, coherent feedback of the incident light either reflected directly from a surface or reflected after transmission through a region of interest will modulate the output intensity of the laser. LFI can yield a high signal-to-noise ratio over a broad range of sample reflectance. By combining PSI and LFI, we have produced a robust instrument, based upon a HeNe laser, with high dynamic range that can be used to measure either static (dc) or oscillatory changes along the optical path. As with other forms of interferometry, large changes in OPL require phase unwrapping. Conversely, small phase changes are limited by the fraction of a fringe that can be measured. We introduce the phase shifts with an electro-optic modulator (EOM) and use either the Cane or Hariharan algorithms to determine the phase and visibility. We have determined the accuracy and precision of our technique by measuring both the bending of a cantilevered piezoelectric bimorph and linear ramps to the EOM. Using PSI, sub-nanometer displacements can be measured and, as with other forms of PSI, there is no sign ambiguity to the displacement measurement. We have also analyzed the behavior ofthe interferometer for both low and high reflectivity samples. Since the change in the laser's intensity is a non-linear function of the reflected amplitude, additional measures are required before applying PSI methods to high reflectivity samples.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 July 1996
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2860, Laser Interferometry VIII: Techniques and Analysis, (17 July 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.276313
Show Author Affiliations
Ben Ovryn, NASA Lewis Research Ctr. (United States)
James H. Andrews, NASA Lewis Research Ctr. (United States)
Steven J. Eppell, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
John D.V. Khaydarov, NASA Lewis Research Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2860:
Laser Interferometry VIII: Techniques and Analysis
Malgorzata Kujawinska; Ryszard J. Pryputniewicz; Mitsuo Takeda, Editor(s)

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