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Proceedings Paper

Achromatic phase shifting for polarization interferometry
Author(s): Parameswaran Hariharan; Maitreyee Roy
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Paper Abstract

Polarization interferometers are widely used in microscopy. In these interferometers, the two beams traverse almost identical paths, so that conventional phase-shifting techniques cannot be used. However, because the two beams leaving a polarization interferometer are orthogonally polarized, it is possible to use a phase shifter operating on the geometric phase to introduce a variable phase shift between the two beams without any change in the optical path difference. Since this phase shift is very nearly independent of the wavelength, small variations of the optical path difference over the field can be mapped accurately, even with white light. Achromatic phaseshifting can also be used with two-wavelength illumination to provide a quick and simple method for profiling surfaces exhibiting steps with heights of a few micrometres.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 July 1996
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 2860, Laser Interferometry VIII: Techniques and Analysis, (17 July 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.276294
Show Author Affiliations
Parameswaran Hariharan, Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
Maitreyee Roy, Univ. of Sydney (Australia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2860:
Laser Interferometry VIII: Techniques and Analysis
Malgorzata Kujawinska; Ryszard J. Pryputniewicz; Mitsuo Takeda, Editor(s)

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