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Proceedings Paper

RF sputtering deposition of CdTe on GaAs substrate
Author(s): Krzysztof Adamiec; Jaroslaw Rutkowski; S. Bednarek; E. Michalski
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Paper Abstract

The fabrication of HgCdTe IR detectors demands high-quality CdTe or CdZnTe substrates. Bulk CdTe tends to twin, therefore large single crystals are generally not available. This problem could be circumvented by growing CdTe epilayers on an alternative large area substrate. Several studies have been made on the growth of CdTe on different substrates such as InSb, GaAs, Si and sapphire by MOCVD and MBE techniques. We report the initial results for the growth of CdTe buffer films on GaAs (100) substrates by sputter epitaxy. This crystal was chosen as the substrate material because of its transparency to IR radiation and availability as large area wafers with high structural perfection. Epitaxial films of CdTe were deposited in a sputtering system with a base pressure of 2 X 10-4 Pa. The GaAs substrate was degreased, etched in standard solution, and mounted immediately on a cooper substrate holder in the system. The substrates were ion etched in the sputtering system to remove surface oxide. The CdTe films were deposited in a wide substrate temperature range from 50 to 450 degrees C. Film thickness ranged from 0.1 to 5 micrometers , and deposition rates from 1 to 5 micrometers /h. The orientations and crystalline quality epitaxial films were characterized by x-ray diffraction. The surface morphology and the cross section of the gown CdTe layers were investigated by Nomarski interference contrast microscope. The optical and the electrical properties of the epitaxial films were investigated too. Structural characterization reveals that crystalline quality is a function of temperature of substrates. The single-crystals films grown at 300 degrees C on GaAs showed a best surface morphology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 June 1997
PDF: 3 pages
Proc. SPIE 3179, Solid State Crystals in Optoelectronics and Semiconductor Technology, (13 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.276217
Show Author Affiliations
Krzysztof Adamiec, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Jaroslaw Rutkowski, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
S. Bednarek, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
E. Michalski, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3179:
Solid State Crystals in Optoelectronics and Semiconductor Technology
Antoni Rogalski; Jaroslaw Rutkowski; Andrzej Majchrowski; Jerzy Zielinski, Editor(s)

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