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Proceedings Paper

Steady-state and time-resolved fluorometry of fluorescent pollutants and heavy metal complexes
Author(s): Ute Resch; Knut Rurack
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Paper Abstract

Time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy is one of the most sensitive optical methods which is well suited for on-line in situ analysis. Here, three examples for the steady- state and time-resolved fluorescence analysis of environmentally important analytes, the fluorescent monoaromatic hydrocarbons benzene, toluene, and xylene as well as non fluorescent heavy metal ions forming a fluorescent complex with a cation coordinating fluorescence probe, are presented and the potential of both methods is discussed. For BTX, various mixtures of the spectrally similar compounds B, T, and X showing different fluorescence lifetimes were studied with both methods. As an example for fluorometric metal ion analysis, the fluorescence probe BP(OH)2 (2,2'-bipyridyl- 3,3'-diol) was employed for the determination of d10 metal ions in water and the newly developed fluorescence probe APTA for the detection of Cu(II). Cation complexation of BP(OH2 yields spectrally very similar complexes which differ in their fluorescence lifetimes. Complexation of APTA to Cu(II) leads to small spectral changes and a strong increase in fluorescence quantum yield and lifetime. For the analytes studied, a comparison of the detection limits, standard deviations, and linear dynamic range of both methods clearly demonstrates the analytical potential of time-resolved fluorometry.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 May 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3105, Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Fiber Sensors IX, (30 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.276139
Show Author Affiliations
Ute Resch, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (Germany)
Knut Rurack, Humboldt Univ. of Berlin (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3105:
Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Fiber Sensors IX
Robert A. Lieberman, Editor(s)

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