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Proceedings Paper

Finite element modeling of composite piezoelectric structures with MSC/NASTRAN
Author(s): Brian D. Freed; Vit Babuska
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Paper Abstract

Techniques for modeling structures containing piezoelectric ceramics with MSC/NASTRAN are presented. Unlike other finite element programs such as ANSYS and ABAQUS, MSC/NASTRAN offers no piezoelectric coupled-field elements with which to model smart structures directly. Rather, the analogy between piezoelectric strain and thermally induced strain, which allows temperature change to model piezoelectric voltage actuation, must be used. The application and limitations of this method are discussed. To overcome some of the limitations in modeling piezoelectric effects with the thermal analogy, one and two dimensional finite elements which include piezoelectric coupling were developed and integrated into MSC/NASTRAN as dummy elements. The dummy elements offer an alternative method for modeling piezoelectric structural members. As actuators, the elements support charge and voltage actuation in both static and dynamic analyses. When used as sensors, both strain and strain rate outputs are supported. The elements can be used for modal, transient, and frequency response solutions and facilitate combined thermal and piezoelectric loading.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 June 1997
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 3041, Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, (6 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.275693
Show Author Affiliations
Brian D. Freed, MRJ Technology Solutions (United States)
Vit Babuska, MRJ Technology Solutions (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3041:
Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems
Mark E. Regelbrugge, Editor(s)

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