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Proceedings Paper

Impact damage mitigation utilizing reduced-order direct model reference adaptive control
Author(s): Donald Paul Waters; Mark J. Balas
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Paper Abstract

As control systems become integrated with structures in such applications as vibration suppression and structural shape modification, a damage tolerance/mitigation concern must be addressed. The fundamental issue of this concern is whether the controller is robust enough to remain stable after a step change in the structural parameters as a result of impact damage. A secondary issue is whether the controller can continue to perform its intended function (even if at some reduced level of effectiveness) following impact damage. Due to the complexity of the structural system such a controller must be lower-order than the structure that is controlled. This paper builds on previous research by Waters and Balas to demonstrate the effectiveness and limitations of a reduced- order direct model reference adaptive control (DMRAC) algorithm for damage mitigation. The reduced-order model matching conditions for implementing this algorithm and the theoretical stability results are presented. Also presented are simulation results demonstrating the effectiveness of the DMRAC algorithm in forcing a higher-order damaged plant to track a lower-ordered reference model. These simulation results look at matching a second-order plant to a first-order reference model, and a fourth-order plant to both a first- and second-order reference model. The results of these simulations indicate that a reduced-order DMRAC algorithm can, in some cases, effectively stabilize the system following severe damage to the structure, even if the system become inherently unstable. Additionally, the reduced-order DMRAC algorithm still allows for steady state tracking by the damaged smart structure of a reference input.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 June 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3041, Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, (6 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.275685
Show Author Affiliations
Donald Paul Waters, U.S. Air Force Academy (United States)
Mark J. Balas, Univ. of Colorado/Boulder (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3041:
Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems
Mark E. Regelbrugge, Editor(s)

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