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Proceedings Paper

Thermal damage assessment of blood vessels in a hamster skin flap model by fluorescence measurement of a liposome-dye system
Author(s): Serge R. Mordon; Thomas Desmettre; Jean-Marie Devoisselle; Sylvie Soulie-Begu
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Paper Abstract

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the feasibility of thermal damage assessment of blood vessels by using laser-induced release of liposome-encapsulated dye. Experiments were performed in a hamster skin flap model. Laser irradiation was achieved with a 300micrometers fiber connected to a 805nm diode laser after potentiation using a specific indocyanine green (ICG) formulation. Liposomes- encapsulated carboxyfluorescein were prepared by the sonication procedure. Carboxyfluorescein was loaded at high concentration in order to quench its fluorescence. The measurements were performed after i.v. injection of DSPC liposomes and lasted 40 minutes. Fluorescence emission was measured with an ultra high sensitivity intensified camera. Three different shapes of fluorescent spots were identified depending on target and energy deposition in tissue: (i) intravascular fluorescence, (ii) transient low fluorescence circular spot and (iii) persistent high intense fluorescence spot. These images are correlated with histological data. The advantages of this liposome-dye system are (1) direct measurements can be obtained, (2) several repeated readings can be made from one injection, (3) continuous monitoring of the fluorescence can be made, (4) temperature-sensitive range can be adapted using different liposomes compositions, (5) circulation times of several hours can be achieved using DSPC liposomes (6) the tissue microcirculation and the vessel macrocirculation can be investigated simultaneously, therefore changes in response to a treatment regimen and/or ICG formulations can be detected. One main constraint exists: the fluorescent dye encapsulated into the liposomes has to be carefully chosen in order to avoid any direct absorption by the dye itself. In conclusion, one of the most significant applications of this experimental technique is the evaluation of various degrees of tissue thermal damage. It could be possible to consider the application of this technique in ophthalmology and dermatology and possibly for the evaluation of burn injury.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 June 1997
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2975, Laser-Tissue Interaction VIII, (16 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.275481
Show Author Affiliations
Serge R. Mordon, INSERM (France)
Thomas Desmettre, INSERM and General Hospital Dunkerque (France)
Jean-Marie Devoisselle, Univ. de Montpellier I (France)
Sylvie Soulie-Begu, Univ. de Montpellier I (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2975:
Laser-Tissue Interaction VIII
Steven L. Jacques, Editor(s)

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