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Proceedings Paper

Database structure for the Laser Accident and Incident Registry (LAIR)
Author(s): James W. Ness; Stephen W. Hoxie; Harry Zwick; Bruce E. Stuck; David J. Lund; Elmar T. Schmeisser
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Paper Abstract

The ubiquity of laser radiation in military, medical, entertainment, telecommunications and research industries and the significant risk, of eye injury from this radiation are firmly established. While important advances have been made in understanding laser bioeffects using animal analogues and clinical data, the relationships among patient characteristics, exposure conditions, severity of the resulting injury, and visual function are fragmented, complex and varied. Although accident cases are minimized through laser safety regulations and control procedures, accumulated accident case information by the laser eye injury evaluation center warranted the development of a laser accident and incident registry. The registry includes clinical data for validating and refining hypotheses on injury and recovery mechanisms; a means for analyzing mechanisms unique to human injury; and a means for identifying future areas of investigation. The relational database supports three major sections: (1) the physics section defines exposure circumstances, (2) the clinical/ophthalmologic section includes fundus and scanning laser ophthalmoscope images, and (3) the visual functions section contains specialized visual function exam results. Tools are available for subject-matter experts to estimate parameters like total intraocular energy, ophthalmic lesion grade, and exposure probability. The database is research oriented to provide a means for generating empirical relationships to identify symptoms for definitive diagnosis and treatment of laser induced eye injuries.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 May 1997
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 2974, Laser and Noncoherent Ocular Effects: Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment, (2 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.275237
Show Author Affiliations
James W. Ness, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Stephen W. Hoxie, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Harry Zwick, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Bruce E. Stuck, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
David J. Lund, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Elmar T. Schmeisser, Univ. of Kentucky (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2974:
Laser and Noncoherent Ocular Effects: Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment
Bruce E. Stuck; Michael Belkin, Editor(s)

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