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Proceedings Paper

Optimization of neural retinal visual motor strategies in recovery of visual acuity following acute laser-induced macula injury
Author(s): Harry Zwick; James W. Ness; J. Loveday; Jerome W. Molchany; Bruce E. Stuck
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Paper Abstract

Laser induced damage to the retina may produce immediate and serious loss in visual acuity as well as subsequent recovery of visual acuity over a 1 to 6 month post exposure period. While acuity may recover, full utilization of the foveal region may not return. In one patient, a superior/temporal preferred retinal location (PRL) was apparent, while a second patient demonstrated significant foveal involvement and contrast sensitivity more reflective of foveal than parafoveal involvement. These conditions of injury wee simulated by using an artificial scotoma technique which optically stabilized a 5 degree opacity in the center of the visual field. The transmission of spatially degraded target information in the scotoma was 0 percent, 5 percent and 95 percent. Contrast sensitivity for the 0 percent and 5 percent transmission scotoma showed broad spatial frequency suppression as opposed to a bipartite contrast sensitivity function with a narrow sensitivity loss at 3 cycles/degree for the 95 percent transmission scotoma. A PRL shift to superior temporal retina with a concomitant change in accommodation was noted as target resolution became more demanding. These findings suggest that restoration of visual acuity in human laser accidents may depend upon the functionality of complex retinal and cortical adaptive mechanisms.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 May 1997
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 2974, Laser and Noncoherent Ocular Effects: Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment, (2 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.275230
Show Author Affiliations
Harry Zwick, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
James W. Ness, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
J. Loveday, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Jerome W. Molchany, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Bruce E. Stuck, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2974:
Laser and Noncoherent Ocular Effects: Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment
Bruce E. Stuck; Michael Belkin, Editor(s)

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