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Proceedings Paper

Laser vibrometer measurements and middle ear prostheses
Author(s): Stephen Thomas Flock; John Dornhoffer; Scott Ferguson
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Paper Abstract

One of us has developed an improved partial ossicular replacement prosthesis that is easier to implant and, based on pilot clinical measurements, results in better high-frequency hearing as compared to patients receiving one of the alternative prostheses. It is hypothesized that the primary reason for this is because of the relatively light weight (about 25 mg) and low compliance of the prosthesis, which could conceivably result in better high frequency vibrational characteristics. The purpose of our initial work was to develop an instrument suitable for objectively testing the vibrational characteristics of prostheses. We have developed a laser based device suitable for measuring the vibrational characteristics of the oval window or other structures of the middle ear. We have tested this device using a piezoelectric transducer excited at audio frequencies, as well as on the oval window in human temporal bones harvested from cadavers. The results illustrate that it is possible to non-invasively monitor the vibrational characteristics of anatomic structures with a very inexpensive photonic device.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 May 1997
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 2970, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems VII, (22 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.275035
Show Author Affiliations
Stephen Thomas Flock, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States)
John Dornhoffer, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States)
Scott Ferguson, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2970:
Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems VII
R. Rox Anderson; Harvey Lui; Michail M. Pankratov; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; Gerhard J. Mueller; Graham M. Watson; Reza S. Malek; Lawrence S. Bass; Lloyd P. Tate; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Kenneth Eugene Bartels; R. Rox Anderson; Lawrence S. Bass; Aaron P. Perlmutter; Kenton W. Gregory; David M. Harris; David M. Harris; Harvey Lui; Reza S. Malek; Gerhard J. Mueller; Michail M. Pankratov; Aaron P. Perlmutter; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Lloyd P. Tate; Graham M. Watson, Editor(s)

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