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Proceedings Paper

Production of continuous piezoelectric ceramic fibers for smart materials and active control devices
Author(s): Jonathan D. French; Gregory E. Weitz; John E. Luke; Richard B. Cass; Bahram Jadidian; Parag Bhargava; Ahmad Safari
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Paper Abstract

Advanced Cerametrics Inc. has conceived of and developed the Viscous-Suspension-Spinning Process (VSSP) to produce continuous fine filaments of nearly any powdered ceramic materials. VSSP lead zirconate titanate (PZT) fiber tows with 100 and 790 filaments have been spun in continuous lengths exceeding 1700 meters. Sintered PZT filaments typically are 10 - 25 microns in diameter and have moderate flexibility. Prior to carrier burnout and sintering, VSSP PZT fibers can be formed into 2D and 3D shapes using conventional textile and composite forming processes. While the extension of PZT is on the order of 20 microns per linear inch, a woven, wound or braided structure can contain very long lengths of PZT fiber and generate comparatively large output strokes from relatively small volumes. These structures are intended for applications such as bipolar actuators for fiber optic assembly and repair, vibration and noise damping for aircraft, rotorcraft, automobiles and home applications, vibration generators and ultrasonic transducers for medical and industrial imaging. Fiber and component cost savings over current technologies, such as the `dice-and-fill' method for transducer production, and the range of unique structures possible with continuous VSSP PZT fiber are discussed. Recent results have yielded 1-3 type composites (25 vol% PZT) with d33 equals 340 pC/N, K equals 470, and g33 equals 80 mV/N, kt equals 0.54, kp equals 0.19, dh equals 50.1pC/N and gh equals 13 mV/N.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 May 1997
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3044, Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies, (23 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.274684
Show Author Affiliations
Jonathan D. French, Advanced Cerametrics Inc. (United States)
Gregory E. Weitz, Advanced Cerametrics Inc. (United States)
John E. Luke, Advanced Cerametrics Inc. (United States)
Richard B. Cass, Advanced Cerametrics Inc. (United States)
Bahram Jadidian, Rutgers Univ. (United States)
Parag Bhargava, Rutgers Univ. (United States)
Ahmad Safari, Rutgers Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3044:
Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies
Janet M. Sater, Editor(s)

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