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Proceedings Paper

Microscopes for biomedical imaging: evolution and recent innovations
Author(s): Hartmut Ernst Keller
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Paper Abstract

The light microscope started to become a serious tool for scientific discovery around 1650, when the Dutchman Anthony van Leeuwenhoek started building and using unique simple devices, which would hold a single glass bead as the magnifying element. It is always amazing, how much he was able to see with such a primitive instrument, as documented in his remarkable drawings. Around the same time Robert Hooke in England also started with a simple magnifier but soon added a second magnification stage for the real first compound microscope. His remarkable discoveries were published in 1 667 in Micrographia Illustrata.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 May 1997
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 2983, Functional Imaging and Optical Manipulation of Living Cells, (23 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.274328
Show Author Affiliations
Hartmut Ernst Keller, Carl Zeiss, Inc (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2983:
Functional Imaging and Optical Manipulation of Living Cells
Daniel L. Farkas; Bruce J. Tromberg, Editor(s)

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