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Proceedings Paper

IR laser power transmission through silver halide crystals and polycrystalline fibers
Author(s): Lev Nagli; D. Burstein; Shaul Shalem; David Bunimovich; Alla German; Abraham Katzir
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Paper Abstract

Laser-induced breakdown (LIB) thresholds in AgClxBr1-x crystals and fibers were studied under CO2 laser pulses and CW excitation. The value of LIB threshold Pc of the bulk crystals is about 7.2 X 108 W/cm2 for AgCl and 4 X 109 W/cm2 for AgBr under 60 ns TEA laser excitation. The LIB threshold in fibers is much smaller; about 2 X 108 W/cm2. The absorption of the crystals at 10.6 micrometers changes from 8 X 10-5 cm-1 for AgCl to 2 X 10-5 cm-1 for AgBr; for fibers with the same composition absorption is much greater. The dependence of the LIB and IR absorption on composition, and mechanical and temperature treatments suggests that the LIB in silver halide crystals and fibers is due to the avalanche electrons in a high electric field. The initial free electrons for this process are supplied by ionization of the cation vacancy - charged dislocation complexes. The relatively lower optical stability of the fibers is due to the increased concentration of defects formed in the hot extrusion of the crystal. A simple thermal annealing method for reduction of the IR absorption is proposed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 May 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2966, Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1996, (13 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.274270
Show Author Affiliations
Lev Nagli, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)
D. Burstein, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)
Shaul Shalem, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)
David Bunimovich, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)
Alla German, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)
Abraham Katzir, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2966:
Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1996
Harold E. Bennett; Arthur H. Guenther; Mark R. Kozlowski; Brian Emerson Newnam; M. J. Soileau, Editor(s)

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