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Proceedings Paper

Band-gap tuning of SiGe/Si multi-quantum wells for waveguides and photodetectors
Author(s): Hugues Lafontaine; Nelson L. Rowell; Geof C. Aers; Derek C. Houghton; Daniel Labrie; Robin L. Williams; Sylvain Charbonneau; Richard D. Goldberg; Ian V. Mitchell
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Paper Abstract

Silicon-germanium (SiGe) alloys are attractive for the monolithic integration of Si photonics with mainstream VLSI technology. The addition of Ge extends the wavelength range of silicon and SiGe/Si multi quantum wells (MQW's) can be epitaxially grown coherent with the Si substrate which allows an additional degree of freedom in bandgap engineering. In this work, SiGe quantum wells were grown at 525 degree(s)C using a commercially available, ultra-high vacuum chemical vapor deposition system. A strong blue shift is observed in photoluminescence on annealing as-grown MQW's. Shifts in photoluminescence line energies, which are directly related to the changes in SiGe QW shape during annealing, are monitored. SiGe MQW's annealed using a two- step process in which strain and Ge peak concentration remain unchanged after the first (low temperature) step, show a much lower rate of interdiffusion during the second step. It is argued that strain and Ge incorporation alone cannot explain the enhanced initial interdiffusion, which is attributed to grown-in, non-equilibrium point defects. Further confirmation was obtained using Si ion implantation, which only increased the interdiffusion during the first seconds of the anneal, without changing the `steady state' diffusion coefficient. This opens up the possibility of point defect mediated local tailoring of the bandgap, since enhanced interdiffusion and its associated blue shift can be laterally controlled by lithographic masking of implanted regions. The intriguing prospect of low loss (band-gap shifted) waveguides coupled with wavelength tunable SiGe/Si MQW photodetectors, fully compatible with CMOS, is discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 April 1997
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3007, Silicon-Based Monolithic and Hybrid Optoelectronic Devices, (25 April 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.273856
Show Author Affiliations
Hugues Lafontaine, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Nelson L. Rowell, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Geof C. Aers, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Derek C. Houghton, SiGe Microsystems (Canada)
Daniel Labrie, Dalhousie Univ. (Canada)
Robin L. Williams, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Sylvain Charbonneau, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Richard D. Goldberg, Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)
Ian V. Mitchell, Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3007:
Silicon-Based Monolithic and Hybrid Optoelectronic Devices
Derek C. Houghton; Bahram Jalali, Editor(s)

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