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Proceedings Paper

Modeling time-varying three-dimensional strain fields in the human cerebral ventricular system using finite element methods
Author(s): Peter Cahoon; Douglas Cochrane; Ellen Grant
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Paper Abstract

Accurate measurement of the strain fields developed in the human ventricular system in the brain would require invasive monitoring at a number of selected spatial locations. Since this is not practically possible the gross behavior of a field must be deduced from time-gated MRI scanned images. The phase-encoded images taken at several coronal locations from posterior to anterior, yield a field averaged over many cardiac cycles. A second sequence of time-gated MRI images are recorded in the same fashion to obtain the range of pulsatile movement of the membrane boundary of the cortical surface. The two data sets provide spatial and temporal information that must be combined in such a way that the flow field complies with the movement of the boundary. Modeling this behavior requires a combination of finite element and hydrostatic models. The finite element model of the ventricles consists of a triangulated surface mesh boundary that has a time varying pressure field applied uniformly to its surface to reflect the continuous change in pressure from systole to diastole and the observed deformation of the brain surface. The interior tetrahedra have displacements applied, posterior to anterior, that reflect the displacements from the phase-encoded sequences.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 April 1997
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3017, Visual Data Exploration and Analysis IV, (9 April 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.270329
Show Author Affiliations
Peter Cahoon, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Douglas Cochrane, B.C. Children's Hospital (Canada)
Ellen Grant, Univ. of California/San Francisco (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3017:
Visual Data Exploration and Analysis IV
Georges G. Grinstein; Robert F. Erbacher, Editor(s)

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