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Proceedings Paper

Prominent microscopic effects in microfabricated fluidic analysis systems
Author(s): James P. Brody; Andrew Evan Kamholz; Paul Yager
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Paper Abstract

Microfabricated fluidic systems allow complex chemical analyses to be performed on sub-nanoliter volumes of sample. Compared to macroscopic systems, these devices offer many advantages, including the promise of performing some analytical functions more rapidly and on smaller samples. However, miniaturization of analytic instruments is not simply a matter of reducing their size. At small scales, different effects become more prominent, rendering some processes inefficient and others useless. The small scales also permit the creation of novel devices, such as the H- filter, which we are using to extract analytes from whole blood. Fluid flow in microfluidic systems is entirely dominated by viscous forces, making diffusion the sole mechanism of mixing. In addition, a larger fraction of molecules are lost to surface adsorption as devices shrink. This paper examines some of the issues involved in device miniaturization, specifically those phenomena that become increasingly dominant.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 March 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2978, Micro- and Nanofabricated Electro-Optical Mechanical Systems for Biomedical and Environmental Applications, (31 March 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.269960
Show Author Affiliations
James P. Brody, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Andrew Evan Kamholz, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Paul Yager, Univ. of Washington (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2978:
Micro- and Nanofabricated Electro-Optical Mechanical Systems for Biomedical and Environmental Applications
Paul Lee Gourley, Editor(s)

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