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Proceedings Paper

In-vivo assessment of total body protein in rats by prompt-gamma neutron activation analysis
Author(s): Ion E. Stamatelatos; Carol N. Boozer; Ruimei Ma; Seiichi Yasumura
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Paper Abstract

A prompt-(gamma) neutron activation analysis facility for in vivo determination of total body protein (TBP) in rats has been designed. TBP is determined in vivo by assessment of total body nitrogen. The facility is based on a 252Cf radionuclide neutron source within a heavy water moderator assembly and two NaI(Tl) scintillation detectors. The in vivo precision of the technique, as estimated by three repeated measurements of 15 rats is 6 percent, for a radiation dose equivalent of 60 mSv. The radiation dose per measurement is sufficiently low to enable serial measurements on the same animal. MCNP-4A Monte Carlo transport code was utilized to calculate thermal neutron flux correction factors to account for differences in size and shape of the rats and calibration phantoms. Good agrement was observed in comparing body nitrogen assessment by prompt-(gamma) neutron activation and chemical carcass analysis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 1997
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 2867, International Conference Neutrons in Research and Industry, (27 February 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.267937
Show Author Affiliations
Ion E. Stamatelatos, NCSR Demokritos (Greece)
Carol N. Boozer, Columbia Univ. (United States)
Ruimei Ma, Brookhaven National Lab. (United States)
Seiichi Yasumura, Brookhaven National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2867:
International Conference Neutrons in Research and Industry
George Vourvopoulos, Editor(s)

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